HttpRunner3源码阅读:4. loader项目路径加载,用例文件转换、方法字典生成

柒意 2021-08-06

栏目: nginx ·

来源: 柒意

作者:柒意

简介  这篇文章主要介绍了HttpRunner3源码阅读:4. loader项目路径加载,用例文件转换、方法字典生成以及相关的经验技巧,文章约15298字,浏览量316,点赞数7,值得推荐!

loader.py

这个文件中主要是对yaml,json用例加载转换成用例处理, 预置函数加载成方法字典,路径加载等

可用资料

[importlib]. https://docs.python.org/zh-cn/3/library/importlib.html
[funcitons]. https://docs.python.org/zh-cn/3/library/functions.html
借助impotlib 动态导入module, vars内置函数解析module中的信息,并将其处理和加入方法字典中name 作为 key, 函数对象作为value,来完成调用扩展函数的上半部分内容

导包

import csv      # 内置库:csv 读取 
import importlib # 内置库 处理动态导包得
import json # 内置库 json 处理
import os   # 内置库 操作系统
import sys  # 内置库 系统相关的参数和函数
import types # 内置库 动态类型创建和内置类型名称
from typing import Tuple, Dict, Union, Text, List, Callable

import yaml  # 处理yaml文件 pyyaml
from loguru import logger
from pydantic import ValidationError  # 异常

from httprunner import builtin, utils   # builtin 中存在预置的函数
from httprunner import exceptions   # 自定义的失败,错误逻辑
from httprunner.models import TestCase, ProjectMeta, TestSuite

源码附注释

# pyyaml 异常处理
try:
    # PyYAML version >= 5.1
    # ref: https://github.com/yaml/pyyaml/wiki/PyYAML-yaml.load(input)-Deprecation
    yaml.warnings({"YAMLLoadWarning": False})
except AttributeError:
    pass

# project_meta 信息为None
project_meta: Union[ProjectMeta, None] = None

# _命名规范表示不想对外暴露
# 读取yaml文件转成字典/JSON
def _load_yaml_file(yaml_file: Text) -> Dict:
    """ load yaml file and check file content format
    """
    with open(yaml_file, mode="rb") as stream:
        try:
            yaml_content = yaml.load(stream)
        except yaml.YAMLError as ex:
            err_msg = f"YAMLError:\\nfile: {yaml_file}\\nerror: {ex}"
            logger.error(err_msg)
            raise exceptions.FileFormatError

        return yaml_content

# json文件转成 DICT
def _load_json_file(json_file: Text) -> Dict:
    """ load json file and check file content format
    """
    with open(json_file, mode="rb") as data_file:
        try:
            json_content = json.load(data_file)
        except json.JSONDecodeError as ex:
            err_msg = f"JSONDecodeError:\\nfile: {json_file}\\nerror: {ex}"
            raise exceptions.FileFormatError(err_msg)

        return json_content

# 根据文件路径把用例文件,转成字典
def load_test_file(test_file: Text) -> Dict:
    """load testcase/testsuite file content"""
    if not os.path.isfile(test_file):
        raise exceptions.FileNotFound(f"test file not exists: {test_file}")

    # os.path.splitext(test_file) 获取路径中文件后缀转换小写
    file_suffix = os.path.splitext(test_file)[1].lower()
    if file_suffix == ".json":
        test_file_content = _load_json_file(test_file)
    elif file_suffix in [".yaml", ".yml"]:
        test_file_content = _load_yaml_file(test_file)
    else:
        # \'\' or other suffix
        raise exceptions.FileFormatError(
            f"testcase/testsuite file should be YAML/JSON format, invalid format file: {test_file}"
        )

    return test_file_content

# 将字典转成 TestCase对象
def load_testcase(testcase: Dict) -> TestCase:
    try:
        # validate with pydantic TestCase model
        testcase_obj = TestCase.parse_obj(testcase)
        # 当成实例化操作就行 TestCase.parse_obj(testcase)
        # TestCase(**testcase) 和上面等效
    except ValidationError as ex:
        err_msg = f"TestCase ValidationError:\\nerror: {ex}\\ncontent: {testcase}"
        raise exceptions.TestCaseFormatError(err_msg)

    return testcase_obj


# 将测试用例文件转成TestCase对象
def load_testcase_file(testcase_file: Text) -> TestCase:
    """load testcase file and validate with pydantic model"""
    # 1. 测试用例文件路径转成字典
    testcase_content = load_test_file(testcase_file)
    # 2. 字典转成 TestCase 对象
    testcase_obj = load_testcase(testcase_content)
    # 3. 将文件路径赋值给 对象里面的config下的path
    testcase_obj.config.path = testcase_file
    # 4. 返回TestCase对象
    return testcase_obj

# 测试套件,将套件字典 加载成TestSuite对象
def load_testsuite(testsuite: Dict) -> TestSuite:
    path = testsuite["config"]["path"]
    try:
        # validate with pydantic TestCase model
        testsuite_obj = TestSuite.parse_obj(testsuite)
    except ValidationError as ex:
        err_msg = f"TestSuite ValidationError:\\nfile: {path}\\nerror: {ex}"
        raise exceptions.TestSuiteFormatError(err_msg)

    return testsuite_obj

# 读取env文件内容转成字典
def load_dot_env_file(dot_env_path: Text) -> Dict:
    """ load .env file.

    Args:
        dot_env_path (str): .env file path

    Returns:
        dict: environment variables mapping

            {
                "UserName": "debugtalk",
                "Password": "123456",
                "PROJECT_KEY": "ABCDEFGH"
            }

    Raises:
        exceptions.FileFormatError: If .env file format is invalid.

    """
    if not os.path.isfile(dot_env_path):
        return {}

    logger.info(f"Loading environment variables from {dot_env_path}")
    env_variables_mapping = {}

    with open(dot_env_path, mode="rb") as fp:
        for line in fp:
            # maxsplit=1
            if b"=" in line:
                variable, value = line.split(b"=", 1)
            elif b":" in line:
                variable, value = line.split(b":", 1)
            else:
                raise exceptions.FileFormatError(".env format error")

            env_variables_mapping[
                variable.strip().decode("utf-8")
            ] = value.strip().decode("utf-8")

    # 将字典设置到当前系统里
    utils.set_os_environ(env_variables_mapping)
    return env_variables_mapping


# csv 文件用来参数化的吧
def load_csv_file(csv_file: Text) -> List[Dict]:
    """ load csv file and check file content format

    Args:
        csv_file (str): csv file path, csv file content is like below:

    Returns:
        list: list of parameters, each parameter is in dict format

    Examples:
        >>> cat csv_file
        username,password
        test1,111111
        test2,222222
        test3,333333

        >>> load_csv_file(csv_file)
        [
            {\'username\': \'test1\', \'password\': \'111111\'},
            {\'username\': \'test2\', \'password\': \'222222\'},
            {\'username\': \'test3\', \'password\': \'333333\'}
        ]

    """
    if not os.path.isabs(csv_file):
        global project_meta
        if project_meta is None:
            raise exceptions.MyBaseFailure("load_project_meta() has not been called!")

        # make compatible with Windows/Linux
        csv_file = os.path.join(project_meta.RootDir, *csv_file.split("/"))

    if not os.path.isfile(csv_file):
        # file path not exist
        raise exceptions.CSVNotFound(csv_file)

    csv_content_list = []

    with open(csv_file, encoding="utf-8") as csvfile:
        reader = csv.DictReader(csvfile)
        for row in reader:
            csv_content_list.append(row)

    return csv_content_list


# 加载目录下的各形式测试文件
def load_folder_files(folder_path: Text, recursive: bool = True) -> List:
    """ load folder path, return all files endswith .yml/.yaml/.json/_test.py in list.

    Args:
        folder_path (str): specified folder path to load
        recursive (bool): load files recursively if True

    Returns:
        list: files endswith yml/yaml/json
    """
    if isinstance(folder_path, (list, set)):
        files = []
        for path in set(folder_path):
            files.extend(load_folder_files(path, recursive))

        return files

    if not os.path.exists(folder_path):
        return []

    file_list = []
    # os.walk() 生成目录树中的文件名,
    for dirpath, dirnames, filenames in os.walk(folder_path):
        filenames_list = []

        for filename in filenames:
            if not filename.lower().endswith((".yml", ".yaml", ".json", "_test.py")):
                continue

            filenames_list.append(filename)

        for filename in filenames_list:
            file_path = os.path.join(dirpath, filename)
            file_list.append(file_path)

        if not recursive:
            break

    return file_list

# 加载一个模块的方法返回一个方法字典, 自定义函数实现的一部分
def load_module_functions(module) -> Dict[Text, Callable]:
    # import importlib ; debugtalk = importlib.import_module("debugtalk") 可返回module对象
    """ load python module functions.

    Args:
        module: python module

    Returns:
        dict: functions mapping for specified python module

            {
                "func1_name": func1,
                "func2_name": func2
            }

    """
    module_functions = {}
    # vars(module) 返回模块的对象 
    for name, item in vars(module).items():
        # types.FunctionType 函数类型
        if isinstance(item, types.FunctionType):
            # 方法名称 作为key 函数对象作为value
            module_functions[name] = item

    return module_functions

# 加载预置方法
def load_builtin_functions() -> Dict[Text, Callable]:
    """ load builtin module functions
    """
    return load_module_functions(builtin)

# 定位文件找到向上查找根目录
def locate_file(start_path: Text, file_name: Text) -> Text:
    """ locate filename and return absolute file path.
        searching will be recursive upward until system root dir.

    Args:
        file_name (str): target locate file name
        start_path (str): start locating path, maybe file path or directory path

    Returns:
        str: located file path. None if file not found.

    Raises:
        exceptions.FileNotFound: If failed to locate file.

    """
    if os.path.isfile(start_path):
        start_dir_path = os.path.dirname(start_path)
    elif os.path.isdir(start_path):
        start_dir_path = start_path
    else:
        raise exceptions.FileNotFound(f"invalid path: {start_path}")

    file_path = os.path.join(start_dir_path, file_name)
    if os.path.isfile(file_path):
        # ensure absolute
        return os.path.abspath(file_path)

    # system root dir
    # Windows, e.g. \'E:\\\\\'
    # Linux/Darwin, \'/\'
    parent_dir = os.path.dirname(start_dir_path)
    if parent_dir == start_dir_path:
        raise exceptions.FileNotFound(f"{file_name} not found in {start_path}")

    # locate recursive upward
    return locate_file(parent_dir, file_name)

# 找到debugtalk.py 绝对路径
def locate_debugtalk_py(start_path: Text) -> Text:
    """ locate debugtalk.py file

    Args:
        start_path (str): start locating path,
            maybe testcase file path or directory path

    Returns:
        str: debugtalk.py file path, None if not found

    """
    try:
        # locate debugtalk.py file.
        debugtalk_path = locate_file(start_path, "debugtalk.py")
    except exceptions.FileNotFound:
        debugtalk_path = None

    return debugtalk_path

# 找到项目根目录路径, 和debugtalk_path
def locate_project_root_directory(test_path: Text) -> Tuple[Text, Text]:
    """ locate debugtalk.py path as project root directory

    Args:
        test_path: specified testfile path

    Returns:
        (str, str): debugtalk.py path, project_root_directory

    """

    def prepare_path(path):
        if not os.path.exists(path):
            err_msg = f"path not exist: {path}"
            logger.error(err_msg)
            raise exceptions.FileNotFound(err_msg)

        if not os.path.isabs(path):
            path = os.path.join(os.getcwd(), path)

        return path

    test_path = prepare_path(test_path)

    # locate debugtalk.py file
    debugtalk_path = locate_debugtalk_py(test_path)

    if debugtalk_path:
        # The folder contains debugtalk.py will be treated as project RootDir.
        project_root_directory = os.path.dirname(debugtalk_path)
    else:
        # debugtalk.py not found, use os.getcwd() as project RootDir.
        project_root_directory = os.getcwd()

    return debugtalk_path, project_root_directory

# 加载debugtalk方法
def load_debugtalk_functions() -> Dict[Text, Callable]:
    """ load project debugtalk.py module functions
        debugtalk.py should be located in project root directory.

    Returns:
        dict: debugtalk module functions mapping
            {
                "func1_name": func1,
                "func2_name": func2
            }

    """
    # load debugtalk.py module
    try:
        # 动态导入包
        imported_module = importlib.import_module("debugtalk")
    except Exception as ex:
        logger.error(f"error occurred in debugtalk.py: {ex}")
        sys.exit(1)

    # reload to refresh previously loaded module
    # 避免有修改的情况 重载包
    imported_module = importlib.reload(imported_module)
    # 返回方法字典
    return load_module_functions(imported_module)


def load_project_meta(test_path: Text, reload: bool = False) -> ProjectMeta:
    """ load testcases, .env, debugtalk.py functions.
        testcases folder is relative to project_root_directory
        by default, project_meta will be loaded only once, unless set reload to true.

    Args:
        test_path (str): test file/folder path, locate project RootDir from this path.
        reload: reload project meta if set true, default to false

    Returns:
        project loaded api/testcases definitions,
            environments and debugtalk.py functions.

    """
    global project_meta
    if project_meta and (not reload):
        return project_meta

    # 实例化
    project_meta = ProjectMeta()

    if not test_path:
        return project_meta

    debugtalk_path, project_root_directory = locate_project_root_directory(test_path)

    # add project RootDir to sys.path
    sys.path.insert(0, project_root_directory)

    # load .env file
    # NOTICE:
    # environment variable maybe loaded in debugtalk.py
    # thus .env file should be loaded before loading debugtalk.py
    dot_env_path = os.path.join(project_root_directory, ".env")
    dot_env = load_dot_env_file(dot_env_path)
    if dot_env:
        project_meta.env = dot_env
        project_meta.dot_env_path = dot_env_path

    if debugtalk_path:
        # load debugtalk.py functions
        debugtalk_functions = load_debugtalk_functions()
    else:
        debugtalk_functions = {}
    # 赋值 项目路径,debugtalk_functions  debugtalk地址信息
    # locate project RootDir and load debugtalk.py functions
    project_meta.RootDir = project_root_directory
    project_meta.functions = debugtalk_functions
    project_meta.debugtalk_path = debugtalk_path

    return project_meta

# 绝对路径转为相对(项目根目录)路径
def convert_relative_project_root_dir(abs_path: Text) -> Text:
    """ convert absolute path to relative path, based on project_meta.RootDir

    Args:
        abs_path: absolute path

    Returns: relative path based on project_meta.RootDir

    """
    _project_meta = load_project_meta(abs_path)
    if not abs_path.startswith(_project_meta.RootDir):
        raise exceptions.ParamsError(
            f"failed to convert absolute path to relative path based on project_meta.RootDir\\n"
            f"abs_path: {abs_path}\\n"
            f"project_meta.RootDir: {_project_meta.RootDir}"
        )

    return abs_path[len(_project_meta.RootDir) + 1 :]

作者:zy7y
本文版权归作者和博客园共有,欢迎转载,但未经作者同意必须在文章页面给出原文链接,否则保留追究法律责任的权利。

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,本文为博主原创文章,遵循 CC 4.0 BY-SA 版权协议,转载请附上原文出处链接和本声明。 原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/zy7y/p/15102640.html

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